Sri Lanka is the most stunning island in south Asia which home to most spectacular religious and cultural attractions featuring great architecture with a fascinating history in a rich cultural heritage. We are focusing on most important historical sites under the culture tours including Anurdhapura, Pollonarauwa, Dambulla kingdoms with Mihinthale, and Ritigala, which are religiously valuable. As a multicultural country Sri Lanka is having many colorful religious festivals that take place year around and many ancients cities still remains many relics and arts of by gone eras therefore Sri Lanka is rich in world heritage cities around the island.
Sigiriya is a UNESCO listed world heritage site located in Matale district in the central province in Sri Lanka. It is a rock fortress which is 200m in height built by the King Kashyapa for his own protection. The lion’s rock is a place which has a historical and archaeological significance where this king was built his palace in the top of this massive rock and also decorated by colorful frescos, ponds, and parks. The ancient creative writings of the people in the mirror wall give out an idea about the rich literature while colorful paintings in rock walls exhibit the creativeness in 495 CE era of Sri Lanka. The capital and the royal palace were abandoned after the king's death. It was used as a Buddhist monastery until the 14th century.
Dambulla cave temple is another world heritage site in Sri Lanka after 1991 which is situated in the central part of the island. It is the largest and best-preserved cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. The rock towers 160 m over the surrounding plains. There are more than 80 documented caves in the surrounding area. Major attractions are spread over five caves, which contain statues and paintings. These paintings and statues are related to Buddha and his life. There are a total of 153 Buddha statues, three statues of Sri Lankan kings and four statues of gods and goddesses. Prehistoric people who have lived in these cases before the arrival of Buddhism has buried their loved ones before 2700 years ago and those skeletons and other tools have found near this cave temple.
Polonnaruwa is the second capital of Sri Lanka which is situated in the north central province of the island. It is an ancient city which is fullof ruins. Of temples, statues, and royal palaces and this city were first declared the capital city by the king Vijayabhahu the first. He was the king who defeated the south Indian invasions in 1070 by defeating the Chola king by reuniting the country under him. This ancient has been declared also as a world heritage city which you can see all the ruins and temples including King Parackrambhu statue, Council chamber, prince pond, shiv temple, thuparamaya, vatadagaya, moonstones, Nisshanka latha mandapaya, stone temple and hatadageya.
Anurdhapura is the first capital of Sri Lanka located in the north central province. This has been also declared as world heritage site because of its rich cultural, Historical and religious values in ruins of temples and palaces in ancient civilizations. The city lies 205 km north of the current capital Colombo in Sri Lanka’s, on the banks of the historic Malvathu Oya. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world and one of the eight World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka. It is believed that from the fourth century BC until the beginning of the 11th century AD it was the capital of the Sinhalese.You will visit for the great places in this city including Sri maha Bodhi, Ruwanwelisaya, Thuparamaya, Lovamahapaya, Abhayagiri Dagaba, Jetavanarama, Mirisaveti Stupa, Isurumuniya, Magul Uyana, Rathna Prasadaya, Queen's Palace, Dakkhina Stupa, Kuttam Pokuna, and Samadhi Statue. During this period it remained one of the most stable and durable centers of political power and urban life in South Asia.
Mihintale is a mountain peak near Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka. It is a most important site which believed by Sri Lankans to be the place of a meeting between the Buddhist monk Mahinda and King Devanampiyatissa which inaugurated the presence of Buddhism in Sri Lanka. This is now consider as Buddhist pilgrimage site near to Anuradhapura city which is 1000 feet in height. This mountains range has many peaks where the Indian king Asoka’s son who was devoted to Buddhism as Mihindu there met the Sri Lankan king Dewanapiyatissa for introducing Buddhism to Sri Lanka. Thera Mahinda came to Sri Lanka from India on the full moon day of the month of June and met people, and preached the doctrine. The traditional spot where this meeting took place is revered by the Buddhists of Sri Lanka. Therefore, in the month of June, Buddhists make their pilgrimage to Anuradhapura and Mihintale.
Aluwihara temple is a Buddhist temple situated in Matale in the central province. It is a cave temple which was traced back to the 3rd century BC. This temple was built by the king Devanpiyatissa after introducing the Buddhism to Sri Lanka.This is a very impotatt temple in Buddhist history where Pāli Canon was first written down completely in text on palm leaves. Many monastery caves, some of which exhibit frescoes are situated near this temple. In the first century country underwent famine for twelve years therefore buddhsit monks were not able to keep Damma the knowledge of all Buddhism only in their minds as it is hard to memorize and repeat under these conditions. Therefore all gathered together in Matele Aluwiharaya temple to transcribe the Tripiṭaka (philosophical doctrines of Buddhism) for the preservation and for the use of future generations. The old library at of Aluvihare Rock Temple, which had safely housed the volumes of these transcribed manuscripts for so many centuries, was totally destroyed during the Matale Rebellion in 1848.